PhD Theses

E. M. Lutsch. The Influence of Biomass Burning on the Arctic Atmosphere.  Ph.D. Thesis University of Toronto, 2019. PDF

C. Whaley. Improvements to our Understanding of Toronto-Area Atmospheric Composition. Ph.D. Thesis University of Toronto, 2014. PDF

J. R. Taylor. Assessment of Trace Gas Observations from the Toronto Atmospheric Observatory. Ph.D. Thesis University of Toronto, 2008. PDF

A. Wiacek. First Trace Gas Measurements Using Fourier Transform Infrared Solar Absorption Spectroscopy at the University of Toronto Atmospheric Observatory. Ph.D. Thesis University of Toronto, 2006. PDF


Refereed Papers

E. Lutsch, K. Strong, D.B.A. Jones, T. Blumenstock, S. Conway, J.A. Fisher, J.W. Hannigan, F. Hase, Y. Kasai, E. Mahieu, M. Makarova, I. Morino, T. Nagahama, J. Notholt, I. Ortega, M. Palm, A.V. Poberovskii, R. Sussmann, and T. Warneke. Detection and attribution of wildfire pollution in the Arctic and northern mid-latitudes using a network of FTIR spectrometers and GEOS-Chem. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 12813-12851, 2020. DOI

S. Yamanouchi, K. Strong, E. Lutsch, and D.B.A. Jones. Detection of HCOOH, CH3OH, CO, HCN, and C2H6 in wildfire plumes transported over Toronto using ground-based FTIR measurements from 2002–2018. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 125, e2019JD031924, 2020. DOI

C. Vigouroux, B. Langerock, C.A. Bauer Aquino, T. Blumenstock, Z. Cheng, M. De Mazière, I. De Smedt, M. Grutter, J. W. Hannigan, N. Jones, R. Kivi, Lutsch, E. Loyola, D., E. Mahieu, M. Makarova, J.-M. Metzger, I. Morino, I. Murata, T. Nagahama, J. Notholt, I. Ortega, M. Palm, G. Pinardi, A. Röhling, D. Smale, W. Stremme, K. Strong, R. Sussmann, Y. Té, M. van Roozendael, P. Wang, and H. Winkler. TROPOMI–Sentinel-5 Precursor formaldehyde validation using an extensive network of ground-based Fourier-transform infrared stations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 3751-3767, 2020. DOI

Y. Sun, C. Liu, L. Zhang, M. Palm, J. Notholt, H. Yin, C. Vigouroux, . Lutsch, W. Wang, C. Shan, T. Blumenstock, T. Nagahama, I. Morino, E. Mahieu, K. Strong, B. Langerock, M. De Mazière, Q. Hu, H. Zhang, C. Petri, and J. Liu. Fourier transform infrared time series of tropospheric HCN in eastern China: seasonality, interannual variability, and source attribution, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20, 5437–5456, 2020. DOI

X. Zhao, D. Griffin, V. Fioletov, C. McLinden, A. Cede, M. Tiefengraber, M. Müller, K. Bognar, K. Strong, F. Boersma, H. Eskes, J. Davies, A. Ogyu, and S.C. Lee. Assessment of the quality of TROPOMI high-spatial-resolution NO2 data products in the Greater Toronto Area. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 2131-2159, 2020. DOI

B. Franco, L. Clarisse, T. Stavrakou, J.-F. Muller, D. Taraborrelli, J. Hadji-Lazaro, J.W. Hannigan, F. Hase, D. Hurtmans, N. Jones, E. Lutsch, E. Mahieu, I. Ortega, M. Schneider, K. Strong, C. Vigouroux, C. Clerbaux, and P.-F. Coheur. Spaceborne measurements of formic and acetic acids: A global view of the regional sources. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL086239, 2020. DOI

B. Byrne, K. Strong, O. Colebatch, Y. You, D. Wunch, S. Ars, D.B.A. Jones, P. Fogal, R.L. Mittermeier, D. Worthy, and D.W.T. Griffith. Monitoring Urban Greenhouse Gases Using Open-Path Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, Atmosphere-Ocean, 58(1), 25-45, 2020. DOI

Z.A. Tzompa-Sosa, B.H. Henderson, C.A. Keller, K. Travis, E. Mahieu, B. Franco, M. Estes, D. Helmig, A. Fried, D. Richter, P. Weibring, J. Walega, D.R. Blake, J.W. Hannigan, I. Ortega, S. Conway, K. Strong, and E.V. Fischer. Atmospheric implications of large C2-C5 alkane emissions from the U.S. oil and gas industry. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres, 124, 1148-1169, 2019. DOI

C. Vigouroux, C.A. Bauer Aquino, M. Bauwens, C. Becker, T. Blumenstock, M. De Mazière, O. García, M. Grutter, C. Guarin, J. Hannigan, F. Hase, N. Jones, R. Kivi, D. Koshelev, B. Langerock, E. Lutsch, M. Makarova, J.-M. Metzger, J.-F. Müller, J. Notholt, I. Ortega, M. Palm, C. Paton-Walsh, A. Poberovskii, M. Rettinger, J. Robinson, D. Smale, T. Stavrakou, W. Stremme, K. Strong, R. Sussmann, Y. Té, and G. Toon. NDACC harmonized formaldehyde time-series from 21 FTIR stations covering a wide range of column abundances. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 5049-5073, 2018. DOI

K.S. Olsen, K. Strong, K.A. Walker, C.D. Boone, P. Raspollini, J. Plieninger, W. Bader, S. Conway, M. Grutter, J.W. Hannigan, F. Hase, N. Jones, M. de Mazière, J. Notholt, M. Schneider, D. Smale, R. Sussmann, and N. Saitoh. Comparison of the GOSAT TANSO-FTS TIR CH4 volume mixing ratio vertical profiles with those measured by ACE-FTS, ESA MIPAS, IMK-IAA MIPAS, and 16 NDACC stations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 3697-3718, 2017. DOI

E. Dammers, M.W. Shephard, M. Palm, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Capps, E. Lutsch, K. Strong, J.W. Hannigan, I. Ortega, G.C. Toon, W. Stremme, M. Grutter, N. Jones, D. Smale, J. Siemons, K. Hrpcek, D. Tremblay, M. Schaap, J. Notholt, and J.W. Erisman. Validation of the CrIS Fast Physical NH3 Retrieval with ground-based FTIR. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 2645-2667, 2017. DOI

R.R. Buchholz, M.N. Deeter, H.M. Worden, J. Gille, D.P. Edwards, J.W. Hannigan, N.B. Jones, C. Pation-Walsh, D.W.T. Griffith, D. Smale, J. Robinson, K. Strong, S. Conway, R. Sussmann, F. Hase, T. Blumenstock, E. Mahieu, and B. Langerock. Validation of MOPITT carbon monoxide using ground-based Fourier transform infrared spectrometer data from NDACC. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 1927-1956, 2017. DOI

Z.A. Tzompa-Sosa, E. Mahieu , B. Franco, C.A. Keller4 , A.J. Turner, D. Helmig, A. Fried, D. Richter, P. Weibring, J. Walega, T.I. Yacovitch , S.C. Herndon, D.R. Blake, F. Hase, J.W. Hannigan , S. Conway, K. Strong, M. Schneider, and E.V. Fischer. Revisiting global fossil fuel and biofuel emissions of ethane, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, 2493-2512, 2017. DOI

W. Bader, B. Bovy, S. Conway, K. Strong, D. Smale, A.J. Turner, T. Blumenstock, C. Boone, M. Collaud Coen, A. Coulon, O. Garcia, D.W.T. Griffith, F. Hase, P. Hausmann, N. Jones, P. Krummel, I. Murata, I. Morino, H. Nakajima, S. O'Doherty, C. Paton-Walsh, J. Robinson, R. Sandrin, M. Schneider, C. Servais, R. Sussmann, and E. Mahieu. The recent increase of atmospheric methane from 10 years of ground-based NDACC FTIR observations since 2005. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 2255-2277, doi:10.5194/acp-17-2255-2017, 2017. DOI

K. Strong, E. Lutsch, and X. Zhao, Using ground-based UV-VIS-IR spectroscopy to probe atmospheric composition over Canada. Physics in Canada, 73 (1), 3-11, 2017. Physics in Canada - Issue 445

E. Dammers, M. Palm, M. Van Damme, C. Vigouroux, D. Smale, S. Conway, G.C. Toon, N. Jones, E. Nussbaumer, T. Warneke, C. Petri, L. Clarisse, C. Clerbaux, C. Hermans, E. Lutsch, K. Strong, J.W. Hannigan, H. Nakajima, I. Morino, B. Herrera, W. Stremme, M. Grutter, M. Schaap, R.J. Wichink Kruit, J. Notholt, P.-F. Coheur, and J.W. Erisman. An evaluation of IASI-NH3 with ground-based Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 10351-10368, doi:10.5194/acp-16-10351-2016, 2016. DOI

E. Lutsch, E. Dammers, S. Conway, and K. Strong. Long-range Transport of NH3, CO, HCN and C2H6 from the 2014 Canadian Wildfires. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 8286–8297, doi:10.1002/2016GL070114, 2016. [PDF, 4MB]

B. Gaubert, A. F. Arellano Jr., J. Barré, H. M. Worden, L. K. Emmons, S. Tilmes, R. R. Buchholz, C. Wiedinmyer, S. Martínez-Alonso, K. Raeder, N. Collins, J. L. Anderson, F. Vitt, D. P. Edwards, M. O. Andreae, J. W. Hannigan, C. Petri, K. Strong, and N. Jones. Towards a chemical reanalysis in a coupled chemistry-climate model: An evaluation of MOPITT CO assimilation and its impact on tropospheric composition. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121 (12), 7310-7343, doi:10.1002/2016JD024863, 2016. [PDF, 6.3MB]

B. Franco, E. Mahieu, L.K. Emmons, Z.A. Tzompa-Sosa, E.V. Fischer, K. Sudo, B. Bovy, S. Conway, D. Griffin, J.W. Hannigan, K. Strong, and K.A. Walker. Evaluating ethane and methane emissions associated with the development of oil and natural gas extraction in North America. Environ. Res. Lett., 11, 044010, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/044010, 2016. [PDF, 2.6MB]

C.H. Whaley, K. Strong, D.B.A. Jones, T.W. Walker, Z. Jiang, D.K. Henze, M. Cooke, C.A. McLinden, M. Pommier, R.L. Mittermeier, and P.F. Fogal. Toronto area ozone: Long-term measurements and modeled sources of poor air quality events. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120 (D21), 11,368-11,390, doi:10.1002/2014JD022984. 2015. [PDF, 5MB]

C. Whaley, K. Strong, C. Adams, A.E. Bourassa, W.H. Daffer, D.A. Degenstein, H. Fast, P.F. Fogal, G.L. Manney, R.L. Mittermeier, B. Pavlovic, and A. Wiacek. Using FTIR measurements of stratospheric composition to identify mid-latitude polar vortex intrusions over Toronto. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (2), 12766-12783, doi:10.1002/2013JD020577, 2013. [PDF, 3.8MB]

D. Abreu, D. Chandan, R.H. Holzworth, K. Strong. A performance assessment of the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) via comparison with the Canadian Lightning Detection Network (CLDN). Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 1143-1153, 2010. PDF

E. Dupuy et al., Validation of ozone measurements from the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 287-343, 2009 (ACE Validation Special Issue). PDF

E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, P. Demoulin, K.A. Walker, E. Dupuy, L. Froidevaux, C. Randall, V. Catoire, K. Strong, C.D. Boone, P.F. Bernath, J.- F. Blavier, T. Blumenstock, M. Coffey, M. De Maziere, D. Griffith, J. Hannigan, F. Hase, N. Jones, K.W. Jucks, A. Kagawa, Y. Kasai, Y. Mebarki, S. Mikuteit, R. Nassar, J. Notholt, C.P. Rinsland, C. Robert, O. Schrems, C. Senten, D. Smale, J. Taylor, C. Tetard, G.C. Toon, T. Warneke, S.W. Wood, R. Zander and C. Servais. Validation of ACE-FTS v2.2 Measurements of HCl, HF, CCl3F and CCl2F2 Using Space-, Balloon- and Ground-Based Instrument Observations. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 6199-6221, 2008 (ACE Validation Special Issue). PDF

T. Kerzenmacher, M.A. Wolff, K. Strong, E. Dupuy, K.A. Walker, L.K. Amekudzi, R.L. Batchelor, P.F. Bernath, G. Berthet, T. Blumenstock, C.D. Boone, K. Bramstedt, C. Brogniez, S. Brohede, J.P. Burrows, V. Catoire, J. Dodion, J.R. Drummond, D.G. Dufour, B. Funke, D. Fussen, F. Goutail, D.W.T. Griffith, C.S. Haley, F. Hendrick, M. Hopfner, N. Huret, N. Jones, J. Kar, I. Kramer, E.J. Llewellyn, M. Lopez-Puertas, G. Manney, C.T. McElroy, C.A. McLinden, S. Melo, S. Mikuteit, D. Murtagh, F. Nichitiu, J. Notholt, C. Nowlan, C. Piccolo, J.-P. Pommereau, C. Randall, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, A. Richter, M. Schneider, O. Schrems, M. Silicani, G.P. Stiller, J. Taylor, C. Tetard, M. Toohey, F. Vanhellemont, T. Warneke, J.M. Zawodny, and J. Zou. Validation of NO2 and NO from the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE). Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 5801-5841, 2008 (ACE Validation Special Issue). PDF

K. Strong, M.A. Wolff, T.E. Kerzenmacher, K.A. Walker, P.F. Bernath, T. Blumenstock, C. Boone, V. Catoire, M. Coffey, M. De Maziere, P. Demoulin, P. Duchatelet, E. Dupuy, J. Hannigan, M. Hopfner, N. Glatthor, D.W.T. Griffith, J.J. Jin, N. Jones, K. Jucks, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, A. Lambert, E. Mahieu, J.C. McConnell, J. Mellqvist, S. Mikuteit, D.P. Murtagh, J. Notholt, C. Piccolo, C. Robert, M. Schneider, O. Schrems, K. Semeniuk, C. Senten, G.P. Stiller, A. Strandberg, J. Taylor, C. Tetard, M. Toohey, J. Urban, T. Warneke, and S. Wood. Validation of ACE-FTS N2O Measurements. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 4759-4786, 2008 (ACE Validation Special Issue). PDF

A. Wiacek and K. Strong. Effects of Vertical Grid Discretization in Infrared Transmission Modeling. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 109, 2463-2490, 2008. PDF

J.R. Taylor, D. Wunch, C. Midwinter, A. Wiacek, J.R. Drummond, and K. Strong. An Extended Intercomparison of Simultaneous Ground-Based Fourier Transform Spectrometer Measurements at the Toronto Atmospheric Observatory. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 109 (12-13), 2244-2260, 2008. PDF

C. Clerbaux, M. George, S. Turquety, K.A. Walker, B. Barret, P. Bernath, C. Boone, T. Borsdorff, J.P. Cammas, V. Catoire, M. Coffey, P.-F. Coheur, M. Deeter, M. De Maziere, J. Drummond, P. Duchatelet, E. Dupuy, R. de Zafra, F. Eddounia, D.P. Edwards, L. Emmons, B. Funke, J. Gille, D.W.T Griffith, J. Hannigan, F. Hase, M. Hopfner, N. Jones, A. Kagawa, Y. Kasai, I. Kramer, E. Le Flochmoen, N.J. Livesey, M. Lopez-Puertas, M. Luo, E. Mahieu, D. Murtagh, Ph. Nedelec, A. Pazmino, H. Pumphrey, P. Ricaud, C.P. Rinsland, C. Robert, M. Schneider, C. Senten, G. Stiller, A. Strandberg, K. Strong, R. Sussmann, V. Thouret, J. Urban, and A. Wiacek. CO Measurements from the ACE-FTS Satellite Instrument: Data Analysis and Validation Using Ground-Based, Airborne and Spaceborne Observations. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 2569-2594, 2008 (ACE Validation Special Issue). PDF

M. De Maziere, C. Vigouroux, P.F. Bernath, P. Baron, T. Blumenstock, C. Boone, C. Brogniez, V. Catoire, M. Coffey, P. Duchatelet, D. Griffith, J. Hannigan, Y. Kasai, I. Kramer, N. Jones, E. Mahieu, G.L. Manney, C. Piccolo, C. Randall, C. Robert, C. Senten, K. Strong, J. Taylor, C. Tetard, K.A. Walker, and S. Wood. Validation of ACE-FTS v2.2 Methane Profiles from the Upper Troposphere to Lower Mesosphere. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 2421-2435, 2008 ACE Validation Special Issue). PDF

W.K. Hocking, T. Carey-Smith, D.W. Tarasick, P.S. Argall, K. Strong, Y. Rochon, I. Zawadzki, P.A. Taylor. Detection of Stratospheric Ozone Intrusions by Windprofiler Radars. Nature, 450, 281-284, doi:10.1038/nature06312, 2007. PDF

J.R. Taylor, K. Strong, C.A. McLinden, D.A. Degenstein, and C.S. Haley. Comparison of OSIRIS Stratospheric O3 and NO2 Measurements with Ground-Based Fourier Transform Spectrometer Measurements at the Toronto Atmospheric Observatory. Can. J. Phys. (Odin Special Issue), 85, 1301-1316, 2007. PDF

D. Wunch, J.R. Taylor, D. Fu, P.F. Bernath, J.R. Drummond, C. Midwinter, K. Strong, and K.A. Walker. Simultaneous Ground-Based Observations of O3, HCl, N2O, and CH4 over Toronto, Canada by Three Fourier Transform Spectrometers with Different Resolutions. Atmos. Chem. Phys. MANTRA Special Issue), 7, 1275-1292, 2007. PDF

A. Wiacek, J.R. Taylor, K. Strong, R. Saari, T. Kerzenmacher, N.B. Jones and D.W.T Griffith. Ground-Based Solar Absorption FTIR Spectroscopy: Characterization of Retrievals and First Results from a Novel Optical Design Instrument at a New NDACC Complementary Station. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technology, 24 (3), 432-448, 2007. PDF

B. Dils, M. De Maziere, T. Blumenstock, M. Buchwitz, R. de Beek, P. Demoulin, P. Duchatelet, H. Fast, C. Frankenberg, A. Gloudemans, D. Griffith, N. Jones, T. Kerzenmacher, I. Kramer, E. Mahieu, J. Mellqvist, R. L. Mittermeier, J. Notholt, C. P. Rinsland, H. Schrijver, D. Smale, A. Strandberg, A. G. Straume, W. Stremme, K. Strong, R. Sussmann, J. Taylor, M. van den Broek, T. Wagner, T. Warneke, A. Wiacek, S. Wood. Comparisons Between SCIAMACHY and Ground-Based FTIR Data for Total Columns of CO, CH4, CO2 and N2O. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, 1953-1976, 2006. PDF

A. Wiacek, N.B. Jones, K. Strong, J.R. Taylor, R.L. Mittermeier, and H. Fast. First Detection of Meso-Thermospheric Nitric Oxide (NO) by Ground-Based FTIR Solar Absorption Spectroscopy. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33 (3), L03811, doi:10.1029/2005GL024897, 2006. PDF

E. Mahieu, R. Zander, P. Duchatelet, J.W. Hannigan, M.T. Coffey, S. Mikuteit, F. Hase, T. Blumenstock, A. Wiacek, K. Strong, J.R. Taylor, R. Mittermeier, H. Fast, C.D. Boone, S.D. McLeod, K.A. Walker, P.F. Bernath, and C.P. Rinsland. Comparisons Between ACE and Ground-Based Measurements of Stratospheric HCl and ClONO2 Loadings at Northern Latitudes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L15S08, doi:10.1029/2005GL022396, 2005. PDF

Y. Zhao, K. Strong, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, Y. Matsumi, H. Irie, C.P. Rinsland, N.B. Jones, K. Suzuki, H. Nakajima, H. Nakane, and I. Murata. Spectroscopic Measurements of Tropospheric CO, C2H6, C2H2, and HCN in Northern Japan Including a Detection of Enhanced Emissions from the Eastern Siberia Fires in 1998. J. Geophys. Res., 107 (D18), 4343-4358, 2002. PDF

Y. Zhao, Y. Kondo, F.J. Murcray, X. Liu, M. Koike, H. Irie, K. Strong, K. Suzuki, M. Sera, and Y. Ikegami. Seasonal Variations of HCN over Northern Japan Measured by Ground-Based Infrared Solar Spectroscopy. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27 (14), 2085-2088, 2000. PDF