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Stratospheric Processes And their Role in Climate







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Acronyms and Abbrevations

a.s.l. above sea level
AAOE Airborne Antartic Ozone Experiment
AASE Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition
ACRIM Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor
ADEOS Advanced Earth Observing Satellite
AES Atmospheric Environment Service, Canada
AFGL Air Force Geophysics Laboratory
AIMES Analysis, Integration and Modelling of the Earth System
AIRS Atmospheric InfraRed Sounder
AL Aeronomy Laboratory of NOAA, USA
ALI Advanced Land Imager
AMIP Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (of the PCMDI)
AMSR Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer
AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit
ao annual oscillation
AO Arctic Oscillation
AOPC Atmospheric Observation Panel (of GCOS)
ARAT Avion de Recherche Atmospheric et Télédétection
ARC NASA Ames Research Center, USA
ARM Atmospheric Radiation Monitoring
ASHOE Airborne Southern Hemisphere Ozone Experiment
ASP Aerological Station, Payerne, Switzerland
ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
ATLAS ATmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science
ATMOS Atmospheric Trace MOlecule Spectroscopy
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BM Brewer-Mast ozone sondes
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C-SPARC Canadian - Stratospheric Processes and their Role in Climate
CCC Canadian Centre for Climate, Canada
CCM Community Climate Model
CCMVal Coupled Chemistry-Climate Model Validation Activity for SPARC
CCM Chemistry Climate Model
CCR Clear Column Radiance
CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
CEPEX Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment
CERES Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System
CFC ChloroFluoroCarbon
CIMO WMO Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation
CIRA COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere
CLAES Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer (on UARS)

Climate and Cryosphere

CLIVAR Climate Variability and Predictability Programme (a WCRP project)
CMDL Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory, NOAA, USA
CNES Centre National des Etudes Spatiales, France
CNRM Centre National de Recherche Meteorologique, France
CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France

Coordinated Observation and Prediction of the Earth System

COSPAR COmmittee on SPAce Research (member of ICSU)
CPC Climate Prediction Center (NOAA), USA
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
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DAAC Distributed Active Archive Center, NASA LaRC, USA
DETR Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions, UK
DIAL DIfferential Absorption Laser Technique
DLH Diode Laser Hygrometer
DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
DOE Departement Of Energy, USA
DU Dobson Unit (ozone)
DWD Deutscher WetterDienst
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EASOE European Arctic Stratospheric Ozone Experiment
ECC Electrochemical Concentration Cell ozone sondes
ECMWF European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecast
EGS European Geophysical Society
EI Emission Index

Earth system Models of Intermediate Complexity

ENSO El Nino and the Southern Oscillation
ENVISAT Environmental Satellite
EOF Empirical Orthogonal Function
EOS Earth Observing System
EOSDIS The EOS Data and Information System
EP Eliassen-Palm flux
ERB Earth Radiation Budget Satellite
ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment
ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Satellite
ERL Environmental Research Laboratory
ERS Earth Resources Satellite
ESA European Space Agency
ESF European Science Foundation


Earth System Science Partnership
ETCE Effects of Tropical Convection Experiment
EuroSPICE European Project on Stratospheric Processes and their Impact on Climate and the Environment
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FDH Fixed Dynamical Heating
FIRS Far-Infared Spectrometer
FISH Fast In-situ Stratospheric Hygrometer
fov field of view
FTIR Fourier Transform Infra-Red
FUB Free University of Berlin, Germany
FWHM Full Width Half Maximum
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GAW Global Atmosphere Watch (of WMO)
GCM General Circulation Model
GCOS Global Climate Observing System
GCTE Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems
GEF Global Environment Facility

Group on Earth Observations

GEOS-DAS Goddard Earth Observing System - Data Assimilation System
GEWEX Global Energy and Water cycle EXperiment (WCRP)
GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, USA
GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies, USA
GLI GLobal Imager
GLONET Global Ozone Network
GNSS Global Navigation Satellite Systems
GOES Goddard Positioning System
GOME Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment
GOMOS Global Ozone Monotoring by Occultation of Stars

Global Ocean Observing System

GPS Global Positionning System
GRIPS GCM Reality Intercomparison Project for SPARC
GSFC NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA
GVaP GEWEX Water Vapour Project
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HALOE HALogen Occultation Experiment (on UARS)
HRDI High Resolution Doppler Imager (on UARS)
HIRDLS High-Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder
HIRS High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder
HIS High-resolution Interferometer Sounder
HITRAN HIgh-resolution TRANsmission
HSB Humidity Sounder for Brazil
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IAGA International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (an IUGG association)
ILAS-2 Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer 2
IAMAP International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics
IAMAS International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (an IUGG association)
IASI Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer
ICMA International Commission for the Middle Atmosphere (a IAMAS commission)
ICRCCM Intercomparison of Radiation Codes for Climate Models (WCRP)
ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions
ICTP International Centre for Theoretical Physics
IGAC International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGBP)
IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (an interdisciplinary ICSU programme)
IGOS Integrated Global Observing Strategy (of CEOS)
IHDP International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change
ILAS Imroved Limb Absorption Spectrometer
IMD Indian Meteorology Department
INDOEX INDian Ocean Experiment
IOC International Ozone Commission (a IAMAS commission)
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
ISAMS Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder
ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project
ISCS International Solar Cycle Studies (a SCOSTEP project)
IUGG International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (member of ICSU)
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JGOFS Joint Global Ocean Flux Study
JMA Japanese Meteorological Agency
JOSIE Jülich Ozone Sonde Intercomparison Experiment
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory, USA
JSC Joint Scientific Committee, WCRP
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KFA Research Centre, Jülich, Germany
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LaRC Langley Research Center, USA
LASE LIDAR Atmospheric Sensing Experiment
LEO low-Earth orbiting
LIDAR LIght Detection And Ranging
LIMS Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere
LIS Lightning Imaging Sensor
LOICZ Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone
LS Lower Stratosphere
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MAESA Measurements for Assessing the Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft
MAS Microwave Atmospheric Sounder
MCTEX Maritime Continent Thunderstorm Experiment (1995)
METOP Meteorological Orbiting Platform
MHS Microwave Humidity Sounder
MIPAS Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding
MJO Madden-Julian Oscillation
MLO3 Mauna Loa Ozone
MLS Microwave Limb Sounder (on UARS)
MODIS Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
MOHP Meteorological Observatory Hohenpeissenberg, Germany
MOPITT Measurements Of Pollution In The Troposphere
MOZAIC Measurement of OZone by Airbus In-service airCraft
MPAE Max-Planck Institut für Aeronomie, Germany
MPI Max-Planck Institute for Meteorology, Germany
MRI Meteorological Research Institute, Japan
MSU Microwave Sounding Unit
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NAO North Atlantic Oscillation
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA)
NASDA National Space Development Agency, Japan
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA
NCEP National Center for Environmental Prediction (formerly NMC), USA
NDSC Network for Detection of Stratospheric Change
NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service (NOAA)
NIES National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology (formerly NBS) USA
NIWA National Institute of Water and Atmosphere, New Zealand
NMC National Meteorological Center, USA (now NCEP)
NMP/EO-1 New Millennium Program/ Earth Observing-1
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (USA)
NPOESS National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System
NRL Naval Research Laboratory, USA
NWP Numerical Weather Prediction
NWS National Weather Service, USA
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OHP Observatoire de Haute Provence, France

Ocean Observations Panel for Climate

OPAL Ozone Profiler Assessment at Lauder
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Past Global Changes

PCMDI Programme for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (of the Environmental Science Division of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Health and Environmental research, part of the Global Change Research Programme)
PMR Pressure Modulated Radiometer
Pmse Polar mesospheric summer echoes
POAM Polar Ozone and Aerosol Measurements
POLARIS Photochemistry of Ozone Loss in the Arctic Region in Summer
POLDER POLarization and Directionality of the Earth's Reflectance
POLINAT Pollution from Aircraft Emissions in the North Atlantic Flight Corridor
ppmv part per million (by volume), i.e. 10-6
PR Precipitation Radar
PSC Polar Stratospheric Cloud
pv potential vorticity
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QBO Quasi-Biennial Oscillation
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RH Relative Humidity
RIVM Dutch Institute of Public Health and the Environment
RMS Root-Mean-Square
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SA Service D'Aéronomie, CNRS
SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment
SAMS Stratospheric And Mesospheric Sounder
SAO Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
sao semi-annual oscillation
SAOZ Système d'Analyse par Observation Zenithales
SBUV Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Instrument
SCIAMACHY SCanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography
SCOPE Scientific Committee On Problems of the Environnements
SCOSTEP Scientific Committee On Solar-TErrestrial Physics (an interdisciplinary ICSU committee)
SESAME Second European Stratospheric Arctic and Mid Latitude Experiment
SOLAS Surface Ocean and Lower Atmosphere Study
SOLICE SOLar Influence on Climate and the Environment (European Research Project)
SOLSTICE SOlar STellar Irradiance Comparison Experiment
SPADE Stratospheric Photochemistry, Aerosols & Dynamics Expedition
SPARC Stratospheric Processes And their Role in Climate (a WCRP project)
ssb single sideband
SSBUV Space Shuttle SBUV
SSG Scientific Steering Group
SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave Imager
SSMT2 Special Sensor Microvave/Temperature 2 parameter of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program microwave instrument
SST Sea-Surface Temperature
SSU Stratospheric Sounding Unit
STE Stratosphere-troposphere exchange
STEP Solar Terrestrial Energy Programme (SCOSTEP)
STEP Stratosphere-Troposphere Exchange Project
STOIC Stratospheric Ozone Intercomparison Campaign
STTA SPARC Stratospheric Temperature Trends Assessment
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TDL Tuneable Diode Laser
TIGER Thermal Infrared Ground Emission Radiometer
TIGR TOVS Initial Guess Retrieval
TMF Table Mountain Facilities
TMI TRMM Microwave Imager
TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer
TOVS TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder
TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
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UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite
UCLA University of California at Los Angeles, USA
UGAMP University Global Atmospheric Modelling Project, UK
UKMO United Kingdom Meteorological Office, UK
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

URAP UARS Reference Atmosphere Project
UT Upper Troposphere
UTH Upper Tropospheric Humidity
UV ultraviolet
UVA ultraviolet radiation between 320-400 nm
UVB ultraviolet radiation between 280-320 nm
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VIRS Visible Infrared Scanner
VUV Vacuum Ultra Violet
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WASPAM Wasserdampf und Spurengasmessungen mit Mikrowellen
WAVAS SPARC Water Vapour Assessment
WCRP World Climate Research Programme
WGCM Working Group on Coupled Modelling (CLIVAR)
WGNE Working Group on Numerical Experimentation (WCRP)

Working Group on Observations and Assimilation (WGOA) of the Climate System (WCRP)

WMO World Meteorological Organisation
WOUDC World Ozone and Ultraviolet Radiation Data Centre
WVEE Water Vapour Exchange Experiment
WVMS Water Vapour Milimetre-wave Spectrometer

World Weather Research Programme (of WMO)

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IPY International Polar Year


Last update: January 22, 2007